Freckles, age spots, sun spots, liver spots or simply pigmentation. Whatever name you may have for it, irregular skin discolouration is a common and sometimes distressing problem caused by various factors. It can appear from a very young age, or later on, generally triggered by hormonal changes, acne, overexposure to UV radiation, some inflammatory skin disorders and other environmental factors.
Pigmentation refers to changes in the melanin (pigment) of your skin, it's important to note there are different types and they do not all respond to the same treatments. Because of this, receiving the correct diagnosis for the type of pigmentation you’re experiencing is essential if you are going to benefit from treatment.
COMMON TYPES OF PIGMENTATION
The most common type of pigmentation is ephelides, or freckles. These develop after repeated exposure to sunlight, particularly if you have a fair complexion. They appear darker during the sunny months and fade in the winter. Heredity factors also influences freckling.
Also referred to as liver spots or sun spots, these are pigmented spots with a clearly defined edge. They may occur anywhere on the body and vary in colour from light brown to black. These spots are caused by UV sun exposure and the degree depends on how much UV light these melanin pigments are exposed to. These must be monitored as there is a chance they may develop into skin cancer and melanoma. Annual checks with your skin specialist are essential.
Melasma or chloasma is pigmentation that is deeper in the skin’s dermis. It appears on the face as larger brown patches with a non-distinct border. This type of pigmentation is more common in women. Though causes are unknown, it is often stimulated by hormonal increases. The condition is made worse with UV exposure, some medications, pregnancy and stress.
POST-INFLAMMATORY HYPER PIGMENTATION
This is a response to injury of the skin and can be the result of acne, burns, friction or aggressive clinical treatments such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser and IPL. This condition often resolves with time and generally responds to topical products, although it can recur.
Depending on the type of pigmentation that is concerning you, there will be a treatment or combination of treatments that will achieve the most effective results.
The pigmentation treatments we offer include:
- Melan Tran3X
- Mesotherapy Micro Needling
It's important to note that some common laser treatments may cause hyper or hypo pigmentation if the pigmentation type has not been assessed and diagnosed correctly. That's why we always recommend a comprehensive complimentary facial assessment.
Each course of treatment can vary greatly for every person and so too will the cost, but to give some indication for various options, you can expect topical treatments to start at $195 and micro needling packages (which include product) will generally range from $290 to $1050.